Celestial Green Ventures Biodiversity Reports

The Amazon Rainforest is home to a vast range of biodiversity. Up to 170,000 speciesor 68% of all known plant species are found there, while the Trocano Araretama REDD+ project area is home to no less than five threatened species on the IUCN Red List including the Pink River Dolphin and the White-nosed Saki (a type of monkey.)

The biodiversity reports from Celestial Green Ventures describe the monitoring and species conservation activities in the Trocano REDD+ area which are required to ensure biodiversity is not reduced by the conservation process.

BIRD SPECIES IN THE TROCANO ARARETAMA PROJECT AREA

Biodiversity Reports The Amazon region is one of the most biologically diverse areas in terms of avian fauna throughout the world, hosting over 1,300 endemic and rare species. The heterogeneity of environments has resulted in the creation of specialised bird species, with 15 new species discovered within the rainforest in the last 12 years. However, there are several impending threats on the birds such as habitat loss and degradation, increasing the risk of extinction of nearly 100 species. This report suggests several alternatives, including bird watching routes or the already running REDD+ Trocano Araretama project, which would avoid deforestation and would therefore protect the bird species’ habitat.

Author: Gallego Peñalva, Monica
Date of release: March 2015

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STUDY ON THE MEDICINAL POTENTIAL OF AMAZONIAN PLANTS

Biodiversity Reports The Amazon Rainforest is home to some of the richest collections of biodiversity worldwide, with the number of plant species residing there estimated to be greater than 438,000. As only a small proportion of these plants have been formally classified, the Brazilian Amazon represents huge potential in the discovery of new plant-based medicines. This study summarises a collection of prior research investigating the cytotoxic activity of plant extracts against a range of diseases. It also highlights the importance of the continued conservation of plant biodiversity in the Trocano Araretama Project area, which represents 1.3m hectares within the Brazilian Amazon.

Author: Gainey, Leah
Date of release: August 2014

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PTERONURA BRASILIENSIS MONITORING STUDY

Pteronura brasilensis is a carnivorous mammal of the Mustelidae family that lives mainly in the Brazilian Amazon. It is the only species of the genus Pteronura and the largest of the four Latin American otters. It plays a crucial role in the maintenance of the local ecosystem as it regulates prey populations and transfers nutrients from one ecosystem to another. Additionally, it is unable to survive in a polluted habitat, making it a good indicator species. However, its population is decreasing considerably due to hunting, mining, pollution, dams and loss of habitat. This document describes the otters and their importance in the ecosystem. It also proposes monitoring activities to carry out in Borba in order to clarify where the otters can be found and how many live in the area.

Author: Gallego Peñalva, Mónica
Date of release: July 2014

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INIA GEOFFRENSIS AND SOTALIA FLUVIATILIS MONITORING STUDY

Previous assessments of Inia geoffrensis by the IUCN have classified the species as vulnerable; however the most recent assessment has classified them as ‘data deficient’ due to lack of information. On account of the previous classification, and the increase in threats to the species, there is a strong possibility that I. geoffrensis may now be endangered. Sotalia fluviatilis has also been classified as data deficient for the same reason. As they share a lot of the same habitat and face a lot of the same threats as I. geoffrensis, there is a strong possibility that S. fluviatilis may also be endangered. Both species have been sighted within the project area and this report proposes comprehensive monitoring within Borba to determine an accurate assessment of their status and their need for protection.

Author: Gainey, Leah
Date of release: June 2014

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LAGOTHRIX CANA MONITORING STUDY

Lagothrix cana is one of the largest arboreal vertebrates in the Neotropics and is widely distributed through the Brazilian Amazon, as well as parts of the Peruvian and Bolivian Amazon. The IUCN classifies this animal as endangered, as a result of deforestation and hunting. In Borba, this animal was observed in the Purus-Madeira interfluve, so it is highly likely to be in the project area. However, some studies suggested that the monkeys observed on both banks of the Madeira River had different colours, so it could be the case that there is a second species of monkey in the area. The document delves deeper into these aspects, and proposes several ways we could learn more about L. cana.

Author: Gallego Peñalva, Mónica
Date of release: May 2014

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CHIROPOTES ALBINASUS MONITORING STUDY

Chiropotes albinasus is an endangered species of monkey found in the Amazon. Like the Lagothrix cana above, the population of C. albinasus has been reduced by hunting and loss of habitat to agricultural land. There are huge gaps in scientific knowledge about their population, group density, spatial requirements, and more, which means that carrying out studies is fundamental to ensure the protection of this species. This report details the monkey’s appearance, habitat and distribution. It also goes on to examine several alternatives for monitoring C. albinasus, looking at direct observational studies, camera traps, and drones.

Author: Gallego Peñalva, Mónica
Date of release: May 2014

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