The six Amazonian states of Brazil, which are members of the Governors’ Climate & Forests Task Force – Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará and Tocantins – released a report presenting their contribution to the creation of the Brazilian REDD+ strategy, which is currently being developed by the Brazilian Ministry for the Environment.
The publication presents the outcome of the meetings held during 2013 and introduces a consensual view from various stakeholders and representatives of the six Amazonian states. The report addresses the distribution of responsibilities and potential benefits from avoided deforestation and suggests a simplified allocation system for REDD+ credits.
As proposed by the report, 80% of the REDD+ credits or certifications would go to the Amazonian states and 20% to the federal government. Each state would then distribute incentives among the various segments involved in the deforestation reduction efforts, such as governmental or non-governmental entities, farmers, indigenous and traditional communities.
Brazilian REDD+ strategy
According to the Institute for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of Amazonas (IDESAM), REDD+ is one of the main alternatives planned by the Brazilian Government to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. As suggested by the National Policy on Climate Change, reducing deforestation in the Amazon would have a huge impact on the country’s overall emissions.
For the Coordinator of Climate Change of the Amazonas State, Maurice Miller Philipp, the REDD+ legislation will bring many benefits to Brazil. “The consolidation of the REDD+ mechanism will contribute effectively to reducing deforestation in the Amazon while producing climate and social benefits to local communities”, she said to IDESAM.
Although the states of Acre and Mato Grosso have already created their own REDD+ strategy, and the states of Rondônia, Amapá and Amazonas are also developing their own systems, there is no integrated national REDD+ framework in place. Its implementation awaits the approval of two legislative bills: 195/201116 and 212/201117.
The full report Contributions to the National REDD+ Strategy: a Proposal of Allocation among the States and the Union is available online in Portuguese here.
Allan de Lima
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